The Bible


Several Biblical canons have evolved, with overlapping and diverging contents from denomination to denomination.  The Hebrew Bible overlaps with the Greek Septuagint and the Christian Old Testament. The Christian New Testament is a collection of writings by early Christians, believed to be mostly Jewish disciples of Christ, written in first-century Koine Greek. Among Christian denominations there is some disagreement about what should be included in the canon, primarily about the biblical apocrypha, a list of works that are regarded with varying levels of respect.

 I. The Jewish Bible is known in Hebrew as the Tanakh, an acronym of the three sets of books which comprise it: the Pentateuch (Torah), the Prophets (Nevi'im) and the Writings (Ketuvim).


II. The Septuagint a Koine Greek translation of books from the Hebrew Bible, various biblical apocrypha (1 Esdras, 2 Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh), and deuterocanonical books*

                                                                              *(Tobit, Judith, Baruch, Sirach, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees, Wisdom)


III.  The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible. It was to become the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century and is still used in the Latin Church alongside the Hebrew and Greek sources.

IV. The Geneva Bible is one of the most historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James Version by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th-century English Protestantism and was used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan, author of The Pilgrim's Progress (1678) It was one of the Bibles taken to America on the Mayflower


V. The King James included the apocrypha, but the English printers after 1827 omitted it.


VI. Gnostic Gospels include the Apocryphon of John, 2nd century codices found in Nag Hammadi
The Apocryphon of John.
The Gospel of Thomas a sayings gospel.
The Gospel of Philip.
The Hypostasis of the Archons.
On the Origin of the World.
The Exegesis on the Soul.
The Book of Thomas the Contender.